May 18, 2024

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Artificial Intelligence: DOD Need to Improve Procedures, Inventory Course of action, and Collaboration Assistance

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What GAO Discovered

The 2018 Office of Protection (DOD) Synthetic Intelligence (AI) Technique defines AI as the means of machines to accomplish tasks that usually involve human intelligence. The tactic and linked designs contain some, but not all, attributes of a extensive technique. For case in point, DOD’s nine AI-related approaches and plans do not include things like entire descriptions of sources and investments and possibility associated with adoption of AI-enabled systems (See fig.). Issuing steerage to incorporate all qualities of a extensive approach in potential AI-associated methods could aid DOD be much better positioned to assist managers make sure accountability and accountable use of AI.

Assessment of DOD Artificial Intelligence-Associated Strategies and Options

Assessment of DOD Artificial Intelligence-Related Strategies and Plans

DOD has begun to identify and report on its AI actions, but constraints exist in its AI baseline inventory, these types of as the exclusion of categorised activities. DOD officials explained these restrictions will be resolved in subsequent phases of the AI inventory identification system. Nevertheless, DOD has not nevertheless made a substantial-stage strategy or roadmap that captures all specifications and milestones. This kind of a approach would deliver DOD with a large-stage, stop-to-close look at of all the attributes needed to execute the program’s goal to deliver a comprehensive and correct stock of AI activities to Congress and to DOD decision makers.

DOD companies collaborate on AI actions, but can additional completely incorporate primary collaboration tactics. DOD uses a assortment of formal and casual collaborative mechanisms that GAO’s prior do the job has recognized, these as interagency teams. DOD has partially integrated foremost collaboration tactics, these types of as pinpointing management. However, DOD officers instructed us they are in the process of producing guidance and agreements that clearly determine the roles and tasks of DOD elements that participate in AI routines. By finalizing and issuing this sort of direction, DOD could aid guarantee all members concur on tasks and final decision producing on AI endeavours throughout the department.

Why GAO Did This Analyze

DOD strategies point out that AI will transform the character of warfare, and failure to adopt AI technological innovation could hinder the ability of warfighters to defend our nation. DOD is creating organizational variations and investing billions of bucks to incorporate AI technological innovation, these types of as setting up the Joint AI Center to speed up the delivery of AI-enabled capabilities across DOD.

Home Report 116-442 accompanying the Countrywide Protection Authorization Act for Fiscal Calendar year 2021, incorporates a provision for GAO to evaluate DOD’s assets, abilities, and designs for AI know-how. This report evaluates the extent to which (1) DOD’s AI Technique and related strategies include things like qualities of a comprehensive tactic (2) DOD has determined and reported AI actions across the department and (3) DOD collaborates on its AI pursuits. GAO reviewed applicable regulations and DOD tactics that outline designs and procedures to deal with AI throughout the department, interviewed officials, and executed a office-large study. This is a general public version of a sensitive report that GAO issued in February 2022. Information and facts that DOD considered sensitive has been omitted.

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